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Making Emergency Robots Easier to Control

Making Emergency Robots Easier to Control

A method borrowed from video gaming can make remote-controlled emergency response robots easier to use — enabling the operator to focus more on the dangerous situations they face.   An international research team is adapting a technique known to gamers as “free look control,” to emergency response robots, which will enable the robots to mimic [...]

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Gold Nanoparticles Confine Light On Nanoscale

Gold Nanoparticles Confine Light On Nanoscale

A multidisciplinary team at the Centre d’Elaboration de Matériaux et d’Etudes Structurales (CEMES, CNRS), working in collaboration with physicists in Singapore and chemists in Bristol (UK), have shown that crystalline gold nanoparticles aligned and then fused into long chains can be used to confine light energy down to the nanometer scale while allowing its long-range [...]

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Accuracy of Mobile Phone Population Mapping Demonstrated

Accuracy of Mobile Phone Population Mapping Demonstrated

A study by an international team, including the University of Southampton, has shown population maps based on anonymous mobile phone call record data can be as accurate as those based on censuses.   Their findings show maps made using mobile records are detailed, reliable and flexible enough to help inform infrastructure and emergency planners; particularly [...]

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Infusing Science Into ‘Minecraft’ Modification

Infusing Science Into ‘Minecraft’ Modification

The 3-D world of the popular “Minecraft” video game just became more entertaining, perilous and educational, thanks to a comprehensive code modification kit, “Polycraft World,” created by University of Texas at Dallas professors, students and alumni.   With “Polycraft World,” the millions of “Minecraft” players worldwide will now be able to incorporate the properties of [...]

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Precise, Programmable Biological Circuits

Precise, Programmable Biological Circuits

Bio-engineers are working on the development of biological computers with the aim of designing small circuits made from biological material that can be integrated into cells to change their functions. In the future, such developments could enable cancer cells to be reprogrammed, thereby preventing them from dividing at an uncontrollable rate. Stem cells could likewise [...]

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Drones Help Show How Environmental Changes Affect the Spread of Infectious Diseases

Drones Help Show How Environmental Changes Affect the Spread of Infectious Diseases

Unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, can collect detailed information in real time at relatively low cost for ecological research. In a new Opinion piece published in the Cell Press journal Trends in Parasitology, experts demonstrate that drones can be used to understand how environmental factors influence the spread of infectious diseases.   “Drones can provide [...]

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New Window on the Early Universe

New Window on the Early Universe

Scientists at the Universities of Bonn and Cardiff see good times approaching for astrophysicists after hatching a new observational strategy to distill detailed information from galaxies at the edge of the Universe. Using two world-class supercomputers, the researchers were able to demonstrate the effectiveness of their approach by simulating the formation of a massive galaxy [...]

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World Record in Data Transmission With Smart Circuits

World Record in Data Transmission With Smart Circuits

Fewer cords, smaller antennas and quicker video transmission. This may be the result of a new type of microwave circuit that was designed at Chalmers University of Technology. The research team behind the circuits currently holds an attention-grabbing record. Tomorrow the results will be presented at a conference in San Diego.   Every time we [...]

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Superconducting Circuits, Simplified

Superconducting Circuits, Simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits — circuits with zero electrical resistance — would be 50 to 100 times as energy-efficient as today’s chips, an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers that power the Internet’s most popular sites.   Superconducting chips also promise greater processing power: Superconducting circuits that use [...]

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Tailored ‘Activity Coaching’ by Smartphone

Tailored ‘Activity Coaching’ by Smartphone

Today’s smartphone user can obtain a lot of data about his or her health, thanks to built-in or separate sensors. Researcher Harm op den Akker of the University of Twente (CTIT Institute) now takes this health monitoring to a higher level. Using the system he developed, the smartphone also acts as an ‘activity coach’: it [...]

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