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Pass the Salt: Common Condiment Could Enable New High-Tech Industry — Silicon Nanostructures

Pass the Salt: Common Condiment Could Enable New High-Tech Industry — Silicon Nanostructures

Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures — materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to biomedicine and energy storage.   This extraordinary compound is called table salt. Simple sodium chloride, most frequently found in [...]

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Simple Math Sheds New Light On a Long-Studied Biological Process

Simple Math Sheds New Light On a Long-Studied Biological Process

One of the most basic and intensively studied processes in biology — one which has been detailed in biology textbooks for decades — has gained a new level of understanding, thanks to the application of simple math to a problem that scientists never before thought could benefit from mathematics.   The scientists who made the [...]

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A Layer of Tiny Grains Can Slow Sound Waves

A Layer of Tiny Grains Can Slow Sound Waves

In some ways, granular material — such as a pile of sand — can behave much like a crystal, with its close-packed grains mimicking the precise, orderly arrangement of crystalline atoms. Now researchers at MIT have pushed that similarity to a new limit, creating two-dimensional arrays of micrograins that can funnel acoustic waves, much as [...]

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Questions Answered With the Pupils of Your Eyes

Questions Answered With the Pupils of Your Eyes

Patients who are otherwise completely unable to communicate can answer yes or no questions within seconds with the help of a simple system — consisting of just a laptop and camera — that measures nothing but the size of their pupils. The tool, described and demonstrated in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, on August [...]

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Largest Neuronal Network Simulation to Date Achieved Using Japanese Supercomputer

Largest Neuronal Network Simulation to Date Achieved Using Japanese Supercomputer

By exploiting the full computational power of the Japanese supercomputer, K Computer, researchers from the RIKEN HPCI Program for Computational Life Sciences, the Okinawa Institute of Technology Graduate University (OIST) in Japan and Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany have carried out the largest general neuronal network simulation to date.   The simulation was made possible by [...]

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‘Evolution Will Punish You If You’re Selfish and Mean’

‘Evolution Will Punish You If You’re Selfish and Mean’

Two Michigan State University evolutionary biologists offer new evidence that evolution doesn’t favor the selfish, disproving a theory popularized in 2012.   “We found evolution will punish you if you’re selfish and mean,” said lead author Christoph Adami, MSU professor of microbiology and molecular genetics. “For a short time and against a specific set of [...]

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Novel Technology for Producing ‘Electronic Ink’ May Lead to Inexpensive, Durable Electronics and Solar Cells

Novel Technology for Producing ‘Electronic Ink’ May Lead to Inexpensive, Durable Electronics and Solar Cells

Electronic touch pads that cost just a few dollars and solar cells that cost the same as roof shingles are one step closer to reality today.   Researchers in the University of Minnesota’s College of Science and Engineering and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., have overcome technical hurdles in the quest for [...]

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Make It Yourself With a 3D Printer and Save Big Time

Make It Yourself With a 3D Printer and Save Big Time

It may seem like a stretch to envision a 3D printer in every home. However, a Michigan Technological University researcher is predicting that personal manufacturing, like personal computing before it, is about to enter the mainstream in a big way.   “For the average American consumer, 3D printing is ready for showtime,” said Associate Professor [...]

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Researchers Develop System That Uses a Big Data Approach to Personalized Healthcare

University of Notre Dame researchers have developed a computer-aided method that uses electronic medical records to offer the promise of rapid advances toward personalized health care, disease management and wellness. Notre Dame computer science associate professor Nitesh V. Chawla and his doctoral student, Darcy A. Davis, developed the system called Collaborative Assessment and Recommendation Engine [...]

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Pocket-Sized Sensor Gives Instant Fat Burning Updates

Pocket-Sized Sensor Gives Instant Fat Burning Updates

Fitness fanatics may soon be able to gauge if their hard work is paying off without the need for weighing scales thanks to a new device that can instantly tell if your body is burning fat.   The device has been presented today, 25 July, in IOP Publishing’s Journal of Breath Research. Acetone is primarily [...]

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